One element of warehousing that can have a negative impact on supply chain costs is the way in which the space is set out and utilized. How many of the following four inefficiencies do you recognise within your company’s warehouse layout? If you can identify with one or more of them, you’ll find a tip or two here to help remedy the situation and improve warehouse layout efficiency.
#1: Chaos in Goods-In
The goods receiving area of your warehouse is generally a hive of activity, which all too often is crammed into an inadequate space for the purpose.
While it may seem counterintuitive to give up floor and racking space to expand the goods-in section of your warehouse, releasing a larger floor area here can often lead to greater overall warehouse layout efficiency—and therefore reduced operating costs.
#2 Meandering Pickers
Time is money and distance is time.
If you are at all familiar with lean supply chain practices, you will know that transport and motion are two of the seven wastes to be minimised or eliminated in a warehouse. A great deal of excess motion and transport are generated by poorly laid out pick faces, through which warehouse operatives must back-track and meander while assembling orders or truckloads.
Unfortunately, even when warehouses start out with a logical and efficient picking route, the addition, removal and changes in turnover of product lines often result in these routes being undone over time.
Reviewing your pick paths from time to time and making the effort to rearrange storage locations can pay off by improving picking efficiency and keeping labour-related costs down.
#3: Pick it Up – Put it Down … Again
Every time your warehouse team members pick up an item from your inventory, it costs money for your operation.
If you find that you have product lines which are put away in bulk storage areas and then frequently moved to replenish picking locations, consider putting them on the floor instead and picking directly from this floor stock.
This is just one example, but the golden rule is, reduce the amount of times that any inventory item is touched, between receiving and dispatching.
#4: A Long Walk (Or Drive) Down the Aisle
A vast warehouse with rows of racking marching into the distance might look impressive, but such a set-up is likely to murder your warehouse layout efficiency. Make it easier for operatives to move around your warehouse by creating plenty of cross-aisles. A top-down view of your warehouse should look more like city blocks than a 10 lane superhighway. While the four sources of inefficiency and cost described here might seem like common sense, time has a way of eroding the good work done in initial warehouse layout planning.
Remember to reevaluate your warehouse layout regularly. While changes can require some weekend upheaval, the time and labor will soon pay for themselves in enhanced efficiency.
P.S. Feel free to contact me if you need any help with your warehouse layout or design
Warehousing Webinar: If you found these tips useful, we’ll actually be running a free one hour webinar on the topic very soon. You can grab an early bird seat right here: Warehouse Webinar
Simple and effective rules to improve warehouse layout efficiency. In many projects, internal warehouse layout must be associated with external warehouse layout which grew as importance with increasing cross-docking operations. Congestion outside the warehouse, caused by parking area constraints, will affect all warehouse activities. So it is very important to manage warehouse layout efficiency both in terms of internal and external space(yard) to ensure that potential bottlenecks will not impact warehouse productivity.
You raise a good point George about considering external and internal layouts together. Certainly for a new build!
Layout efficiency and productivity are one of the key factors on which a warehouse or a manufacturing organization thrive upon. These tips would certainly help any organization to grow exponentially.
very informative and surely I will be following
Glad you found it helpful.